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PRODUCT HIGHLIGHTS


Altera FPGA and CPLD products in die form:

Ever wanted to use Microcontrollers / Processors in die form but could not get hold of them?

Now you can by using Altera FPGA and CPLD


Contents

What are the Products?

There are 2 types of bare die products

  • FPGA - Field Programmable (Logic)
  • Gate Array CPLD - Custom Programmable Logic Device

 

All are empty bare die waiting to be programmed with digital functions and available either un-bumped for wirebonding or bumped for Flip-Chip.

See link for products http://www.altera.com/products/devices/dev-index.jsp

There are 3 main differences between the FPGA and CPLD

  1. Size - The CPLD is a lot smaller than FPGA it has capacity to store much less information
  2. Volatility - Once the bare die have been programmed the CPLD is Non-Volatile, it will remember the programming when the power is switched off. The FPGA is Volatile - It will lose it's programming when the power is switched off and requires a "Re-boot" when the power is turned back on (Often a CPLD is used to store the boot code for the FPGA)
  3. Cost - Mainly because of die size the FPGA is much more expensive than the CPLD.


What can be programmed into an FPGA?

Rule #1 Anything that uses digital functions!!!

Rule #2 FPGA devices CANNOT handle analog functions although they can act as an interface from another analog die.

Microprocessors / Microcontrollers

Microprocessors and Microcontrollers can be included in the bare die.

There are 2 ways of developing a microprocessor or microcontroller on the FPGA.

Soft processor / controller - The coding for the Controller/Processor is received when the FPGA boots up, the FPGA then configures part of itself to behave like a controller/processor.

Hard wired processor/controller - Some FPGAs have a common processor already fabbed on-board the die, this allows the user to add the rest of their programming to the die around the processor.

A good example of this is the Stratix FPGA which can also come with an ARM Processor already fabbed on-board the die.

If a designer is not sure whether to choose a hardwired processor/controller or soft processor/controller please contact us, there are important trade-offs in terms of die size, power consumption, costs etc.

There are also standard soft and hard wired processors that can be chosen by the designer and plugged-in straight away into his/her design.

The list of available processor/controller products can be found below along with other standard "plug-ins" or the engineers can design their customer processors instead.

http://www.altera.com/products/ip/processors/ipm-index.jsp

Memory FPGAs come with a small area of memory on the die ready for use, please note that this memory is Volatile and is only designed for use when the die is running. FPGAs should not be used for memory only as they are not cost effective. The size of memory built into the die can vary so can effect an engineers choice of die to begin the design.

External memory interfaces for non-volatile flash, SDRAM and other memory types can also be built into the die.

PLLs - Phase Locked Loops Multiple PLLs can be designed into the die to control clock management, the number of PLLs that can be built into the die will depend on the die size.

DSP Blocks - Digital Signal Processing Blocks Used for Filtering, Transforms, Modulation, Compression, Resizing, Chip-Rate Processing ,Equalization, Digital IF, Signal Data Rate (SDR)

Multiple DSP blocks can be added to the FPGA, the number of DSPs will depend on the total size of the FPGA die chosen.

Like with the Processors/Controllers DSP standard products can be "plugged-in" from the list below or the engineers can design their customer DSP instead. http://www.altera.com/products/ip/dsp/ipm-index.jsp

Interfaces Any interfacing can be designed around the other components. Like with the Processors/Controllers standard interface functions can also be "plugged-in" from the list below or the engineers can design custom interfacing instead.http://www.altera.com/products/ip/iup/ipm-index.jsp


What can be programmed into a CPLD?

Logic + Interfacing

The CPLD is Non-Volatile, it does not lose it's memory when power is switched off.

Older CPLDs use EPROM memory, today's CPLDs use Flash Memory.

What is a CPLD used for?

Boot Up

  • Control the configuration or initialization of volatile devices.

For example, the CPLD could boot-up an Altera FPGA or Volatile Custom ASIC

  • Can also manage the correct power-up sequencing for other devices on the board.

 

Interfacing

  • Can Translate bus protocols and voltages between incompatible devices

at the lowest possible cost, E.g. Serial to Parallel data conversion Allows I/O (Input Output) management - Can de-code I/Os or can increase I/O capability on a standard device by copying the device and using the extra I/Os on-board the die.  


What are the benefits of using these products in die form?

 

Physical Benefits

Significant size and weight reduction allows

space saving and higher integration. Using die

also provides the potential for better thermal performance.


Electrical Benefits

1. Improved signal propagation, power/ground distributions are also improved.

2. Shorter electrical length of wirebonds and solder bumps results in lower parasitic inductance.

3. Lower capacitance and less distance between chips leads to improved rise times or lower strength drivers

4. Speed increases due to reduced path lengths for flip-chip applications.


Custom Built Packages/Hi-Rel Qualified Parts

With the permission of Altera, We can work with you to build custom designed package products tailor made for your application. We can also provide added value testing and qualification to provide Hi-Rel parts for your specific application.


Multi-Chip Modules / Die Stacks

With the permission of Altera, We can work with you to combine all the functions you require into one package. Using FPGA/CPLD in die form opens the doorway to one comprehensive die based solution in a single package.

We can offer these products as Hi-Rel die, for Aerospace & Military. For details about packaging and specific customer requirements such as SEU (Single Event Upset) protection etc, contact us so we can explain the solution further.  

What is the design flow to build these die?

FPGA & CPLD - 10 steps

1 First the customer needs to decide the die size they need. They need to pick a die which has enough logic blocks, memory bits, PLLs etc to suit their needs. It is important to pick the right size die to control the cost and power consumption. For CPLD users primary needs are logic blocks & memory bits.

2 Once the die is chosen they need to review the available plug-ins Altera offer, http://www.altera.com/products/ip/ipm-index.html they can use any combination of custom and "plug-in" design they like.

3 They need to receive the design software - The most popular software is Quartus see link below http://www.altera.com/support/software/download/altera_design/quartus_we/dnl-quartus_we.jsp This can be supplied by us or the customer can download on-line.

4 The customer may wish to purchase a Development Kit, this includes a PCB circuit board with the packaged version of their FPGA on-board that can be connected to a PC and programmed with Quartus. The kits include software, reference designs, cables, and programming hardware. http://www.altera.com/products/devkits/kit-dev_platforms.jsp - Please contact us to receive your kit

5 When their design is complete, they can use the software to send us their finished design.

6 We then send prototype die for them to test in the application (if necessary we can also send packaged product for initial bread boarding)

7 If corrections need to be made, the customer amends the software and sends us the new version.

8 We supply more die based on the revised software.

9 When the customer is happy with product performance we then supply the die for production.

10 If the customer wants to save more money, reduce the die size and power consumption they should then consider HardCopy see link below. http://www.altera.com/products/devices/hardcopyii/hr2-index.jsp


What are the typical applications/markets for Altera die products?

  • Automotive
  • Consumer
  • Communications
  • Broadcast (Video)
  • Industrial / Military / Aerospace ** - Please talk to us about Hi-Rel die
  • Also ANYONE who is designing or using digital ASICS
Information provided by Micross Components



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